Every day we experience a multitude of concern from various people, some beginners, others are experienced athletes who have been training for years in a variety of products. They often experience niggles or a complaint and the first thing they blame is the product. On occasion this is justified, but most of the time this is just simply not the case.
We have picked a few common issues brought in by customers often brought back as product faults, which are not manufacturing faults, as well as a bit of background as to what causes it and how it can be avoided.
We are here to inform you, to make your experience and training better and not here to pass blame onto an inanimate object which was not responsible for the problem in the first place. Information and knowledge is power and we are here to make running, shoes and everything to do with your sport more enjoyable.
One of the more common and complex ones we see, as there is a multitude of factors at play, but invariably, over and over again here, the cause, more likely than not, is not that of the manufacturers. Factors that contribute to this phenomenon are:
- The windlass mechanism of the foot – (here is some tricky biomechanics for you) but maybe the picture will make it easier to understand – the plantar fascia of the foot being tight (as well as calves and Achilles) cause the planter to tension and lift the big toe more than normal upon landing which causes the toe of the toe to constantly and repeatedly make contact with the top of the shoe causing excessive wear. This can happen extremely quickly – I’ve seen full holes in the upper within 50km of the shoes being purchased.
- Shape of the shoe, and volume of the upper around the toe box area all play a part, as well as the flexibility of the shoe and the combination of materials that make up the shoe, a customer may experience toe lift in ASICS and moving to New Balance would rectify the problem, while another may experience it in New Balance and moving to ASICS rectifies the problem.
- Mobilization of the ankle, toe, and releasing tension in the plater fascia, calves, Achilles, and other muscles of the lower compartment of the leg would assist in a reduction of toe lift incidences
Heel Collar Scuffing
Scuffing around the collar is due to one of two things (or a combination of two things)
- The laces of the shoes not being tied correctly
- Your hips and glutes have poor function or poor range of motion in the hips causing a narrow base of gait, meaning that the opposite foot striking the upper collar and / or front of shoe causing premature wear. Shoes that have a flare in the forefoot or heel will make the problem significantly worse
- This is exacerbated when the laces are not tied properly because the collar will be open and exposed to the opposite foot strike
- Often people with low, flat arches or wider feet that ‘bulge’ over the side of the shoe, or shoes that have a ‘flare’ to the sole are also contributing factors and exacerbate the situation
- Ensuring you have a shoe that accommodates the shape of your foot and has minimal heel flare will reduce the incidences of scuffing on the heel collar, as well as mobilization of the hips and glutes
Excessive wear on the outside of the heel is never a sign of a fault of the shoe, and more likely the cause of hip or glute not firing properly, this kind of excessive wear is also associated with leg length discrepancies (both functional and structural), pelvic tilt, or spinal condition such as scoliosis. It is also extremely common to see this in ultra-distance runners when they fatigue, so fitness and conditioning is also a vital factor to consider.
Tricky one, as this can be caused by various factors such as:
- A shoe that is too wide for you, causing excessive fabric to bunch which causes excessive friction and eventual wear,
- A shoe that is too narrow for you causing the foot to bulge and cause tearing –
- A neutral person running in a stability shoe could be forced into an everted foot position and cause excessive pressure on an area that isn’t designed to deal with the necessary stress
- Incorrectly cleaning / not cleaning the shoes (especially trail shoes) cause dirt fall in-between the layers of mesh and act as sand paper disintegrating the uppers
Internal Heel Wear
Internal heel wear as seen in the picture is often seen by customers as a fault of the shoe, but this could be as a result of one of a few things:
- The laces of the shoes have not been correctly tied, we see this commonly when the wear is higher up the collar lining, and people slip their feet in and out of the shoes without untying the laces or they do not correctly lock the foot into the shoes
- The person has a Haglund’s deformity (a bony outgrowth on the back of the heel) or thickening of the Achilles as in the picture attached. This is easy to diagnose as the location is so localized to a specific area
- The shape of the conforming heel cup to the shape of the heel, as well as the level of padding determines how quickly the shoe moulds to the foot, a heel and cup that does not match would cause excessive wear
Toe Bumper coming loose
Seriously, this happens, often as the result of water or the washing machine, artificial drying or tumble dryer, leaving in the sun to dry, stress or trauma to the area, and in trail shoes, scuffing is normal, the toe bumper takes a tremendous amount of abuse, and a small amount of glue and its back to better than normal.
Correctly washing and maintaining your shoes
Let’s get something straight – shoes should never be washed in a machine, they should never be artificially dried, they should not be left in the boot of the car in summer in the heat (this drastically softens the foam and shortens the lifespan of the shoe), they should never be left in the sun to dry, and many common cleaning solvents are a complete no-no. While shoes are tools that are designed to take a tremendous amount of pounding and stress on the roads and trails. They are fragile and need to be looked after; washed properly, dried properly and cared for, if you want them last as long as they can. Then they need to be treated as well as they can be.
There also seems to be a misunderstanding about the cost of shoes and the durability factor, as if in some way a more expensive shoe must last forever or longer than a cheaper shoe, and this simply isn’t the case at all. The cost of a shoe comes down offsetting the development cost of research, new materials, advances in cushioning, what is happening to the exchange rate at the time of purchase of the shoe, material cost, and a cheaper shoe simply has less of all the above rolled into it. The cheaper shoe may last just as long, and sometimes even longer, but it will be less enjoyable to run in, it won’t grip as well, it won’t look as good, your knees won’t love you and your feet might get injured if you are unable to find one that matches your needs and biomechanics.
One last point, just because a problem didn’t occur in your last pair of shoes doesn’t mean that if it happens in the new pair, that it is a fault. Every year, brands make hundreds of changes to shoes between models, the fit is different, and the materials are different. Innersoles change, heel collars become softer or harder, higher or lower. Outer soles become thicker or thinner, the foams they use as sole components change to make the shoes lighter, softer, faster – the comfort levels experienced in shoes at present, are unlike any we have ever experienced before. Enjoy it.
In saying all this – sometimes it is a fault in the shoe, and while we may help to point out where, as a user, you could potentially alleviate some of the wear, we are always happy to take a look at a shoe should you feel that it is performing to a sub-standard level.
We hope above all that this has been an informative and interesting read. Leave us a comment and let us know what you think. Have you ever had a shoe ‘fault’ such as the above mentioned?